Revolution In Cuba An Essay On Understanding


 The Cuban Revolution

 The society on the island nation of Cuba had experienced many events in the twentiethCentury which motivated the revolution. Cuba’s separation from Spanish rule in 1898, theAmerican interest and influence on Cuba (1783 to the 1950’s), the rise of the Batista regimeinto government (1940 to 1959), Castro’s fight and overall succession in 1959 and theinvolvement of the Cold War on Cuba (1960 to 1991). These were all factors contributing tothe overall outcome of the Cuban revolution.Cuba had been a colony of the Spanish empire from 1511 till 1898 and in the nineteenthCentury there many attempted rebellions made to claim independence and break the tieswith Spain. As Cuba had great fertile soil the agriculture created great wealth in fruit, sugarand tobacco, though none of the profit went to the Cubans as it went out of Cuba and into theSpanish empire’s treasury. This loss of wealth angered many Cubans and in 1819 the first of several rebellions to break ties with the Spanish empire took place in Cuba. The revolt wascrushed under the Spanish, there were another six rebellions between 1819 and 1855 all weredefeated. In an effort to suppress the rising civil unrest in Cuba, which imposed an increasingthreat on severing ties with Spain, the Spanish government imposed many restricting andrepressive rules on the citizens of Cuba. The laws included laws banning Cubans from settingup businesses, taking public posts, taking legal actions against a Spaniard and travellingwithout permission. Marriages between Cubans and Spaniards were annulled (dissolved asthough it had never taken place). These new laws imposed by the Spanish governmentcreated even greater hostility between the people of Cuba and Spain. In 1868 the Ten Years’War broke out between the Cubans and the Spanish government and in 1878 when the warhad stopped, conflict was still continuing between the Cubans and the Spanish. A revoltagainst the Spanish, led by Jose Marti, broke out in 1895. The rebellion broke Cuba’s tie withSpain but did not make Cuba an independent nation. To aid the revolt in 1895, the Committeeof Cuban Exiles was established in the United States to encourage American citizens tosupport Marti. The Committee of Cuban Exiles also handed stories of the War to Americannewspapers in an effort to propagate a winning support for their cause. By 1897 many of these stories about Spanish atrocities were published in major newspapers became verymuch exaggerated and even false. The

USS Maine

sailed to Cuba in 1898 on a ‘courtesy visit’and on February 15 exploded in Havana harbour killing 260 sailors. This outraged manyAmericans, demanding war with Spain. On 25 April 1898 the United States declared war onSpain. When Spain was defeated the United States signed the Treaty of Paris on 20 December1898, surrendering Cuba to United States’ rule. Spanish rule ended in Cuba on 1 January1899. The United States had been interested in Cuba from 1783 and created many impacts onCuban society during the Twentieth Century. In 1783, United States President John Adamsdescribed Cuba as ‘a natural extension of the North American continent’. Then President James Monroe made a speech to Congress in 1823 in which he stated ‘that the United Stateswould no longer become involved in European affairs and that Europeans should no longerinterfere with any part of the Americas’. President Monroe also affirmed that if any Europeannation would interfere with any independent nation in the Americas that it would be seen asan attack on the peace and security of the United States. Therefore the United States had thepower and right to act as a ‘protector for the region. These declarations became known as theMonroe Doctrine. The establishment of this act created a close tie between the United Statesand the countries in the Americas, including Cuba. America’s relationship with Cubastrengthened even further when the United States defeated Spain in 1898, releasing Cubafrom Spain. When Spain ended their reign of Cuba on 1 January 1899, the United Statesestablished a military government in Cuba which was present until the Cuban republic wasdeclared in 1902. The presence of the American military government in Cuba would havesignificantly increased the interactions between Cuba and the United States. In 1901 theUnited States presented the composers of the Cuban constitution with the Platt Amendmentand warned that American troops would stay in Cuba if the Amendment was not included inthe constitution. The Platt Amendment enabled the United States with powers to intervenewith both domestic and international Cuban political affairs. The Amendment also gave the

Essay on The Cuban Revolution

773 Words4 Pages

The time of the Cuban Revolution was a great deal of turmoil, not just in Cuba but in almost every corner of the world. It was 1945, shortly after the end of World War Two, and the Cold War was taking off between the United States and the Soviet Union. Cuba, in the middle of its own war, was caught up in the international politics of the Cold War. The interaction between international and domestic politics played a major role in the outcome of the revolution. The result of the revolution left Fidel Castro in charge of Cuba. The Platt Amendment states that the United States has the ability to interfere at various points in Cuba’s history. This gave America the ability to better serve its own interests in the region, including sugar…show more content…

Their focus was national sovereignty, reform, economic growth, a redistribution of wealth, and social justice(the cuban revolution p 62). Finally, in 1965, Cuba officially became communist with the emergence of the Cuban Communist Party, with Fidel Castro as their leader. Castro’s involvement with the foreign and domestic politics during the early Cold War period greatly influenced the outcome of the Cuban Revolution. Without the actions taken by foreign powers like the United States and Russia, some events on the domestic front may have had very different results. It is important to understand how every nation’s foreign policies can influence more than just one other nation, and this was especially true for Cuba. It was this mix and chain of events which produced the communist Cuba that we are familiar with today. The most popular of Fidel Castro’s documents is La Historia Me Absolvera also known as History Will Absolve Me. This was a speech given by Castro at his trial for leading an attack on the Moncada Barracks. Castro’s speech discussed many of his ideas and beliefs that justified his reasoning to form his revolutionary movement against Fulgencio Batista. History Will Absolve Me, shows the revolutionary ideologies of Castro and how he later revolts to power. Although, his speech was about his thought on the revolutionary movement, it also was to show the foundation of his Moncada attack and what he was trying to achieve. Castro mentions in

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