9 Paragraph Essay Outline

Outline Format
for a Five-Paragraph Essay (or piece of writing)
Christine Bauer-Ramazani 

NOTE:  Outline points are usually in phrase form, e.g.  Adj + N + Prep + N (= Noun Phrase) or parallel verb phrases.  The following numbering system is standard and should be followed for outline assignments.

____________________________________________
Title of Essay

  I.  Introduction

          A.       Background information (interesting facts, statistics, rhetorical questions)

1.  _________________________________

     2.  _________________________________

B.  Thesis Statement: (Write the sentence in full. Include Topic, Controlling Idea, 3 Aspects/Focal Points.)

________________________________________________
________________________________________________
________________________________________________.

II.    ________________________________________ 
                              (Main idea/aspect # 1)

          A.    ___________________________________ 
                              (Supporting idea #1)

          1.   ________________________________
                    (Example/detail)

          2.     ________________________________
                    (Example/detail)

             B.    ___________________________________
                                      (Supporting idea #2)

          1. ________________________________
                    (Example/detail)

          2. ________________________________
                    (Example/detail)

 

III.  ______________________________________
                                (Main idea/aspect # 2)

              A.    _________________________________
                                (Supporting idea #1)

                      1.     ______________________________
                                (Example/detail)

                      2.     ______________________________
                                (Example/detail)

              B.    ________________________________
                                (Supporting idea #2)

  1.     ______________________________
           (Example/detail)

  2.     _____________________________
            (Example/detail)
 

IV. ___________________________________
                               (Main idea/aspect # 3)

          A.    _________________________________
                               (Supporting idea #1)

                       1.     ______________________________
                               (Example/detail)

                       2.     ______________________________
                               (Example/detail)

           B.    _________________________________
                               (Supporting idea #2)

                       1.     ______________________________
                               (Example/detail)

                       2.     ______________________________
                               (Example/detail)
 

 V.    Conclusion

A.    ______________________________________________________
(Restatement of the thesis/summary of aspects)

B.  ___________________________________
  (Outlook for the future/Recommendations)

¬© 2006  Christine Bauer-Ramazani, Saint Michael's College. Last updated: November 10, 2017

Strategy

Essay Outline

Essay Map, Writing Blueprint

UDL 3.1UDL 6.2

An outline is a tool to help organize thoughts, ideas and information prior to drafting an extended piece of writing. In an outline, students typically include a category name or topic sentence, along with notes about what else will be included in a given paragraph. Outlines can be simple, with one-word headings followed by a list of bullets. Outlines can also be complex, using specific lettering and numbering to organize and prioritize key information. Constructing an outline commonly occurs during the pre-writing phase of writing, following the generation of ideas but prior to drafting. An outline is a powerful tool for early and advanced writers and can be effectively implemented for any genre of writing. Outlining may aid students in overcoming barriers related to writing such as anxiety or organization. For instance, the process of outlining can be helpful in managing and sequencing large amounts of information. Engaging in outlining may also reduce intimidation related to writing and help students more successfully transition from generating ideas to completing a draft.

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