Art as Expression Essay
1822 Words8 Pages
Artists are central to cultural, political and social discourses in the world. They are here not only to inspire us, but to provoke us as well. Four artists that broke social, political and cultural barriers were, Rene Magritte, John Heartfield Jackson Pollock and Otto Dix. While the artists were involved in different movements, each one made revolutionary statements with their works. Artists have a responsibility to use their works as a weapon to the status quo and to break these cultural and social barriers.
Rene Magritte and John Heartfield were important figures to the Surrealist movement. Surrealism was a movement that developed after World War II and as a result, society was requesting art that was of the ‘norm’ to give the world a…show more content…
The viewer is drawn in through curiosity, because to them, this is only a pipe. It is a paradoxical statement that forces the viewer to reassess if this is a painting of a pipe. When Magritte was asked why he added that inscription, he replied that it is not a pipe and therefore should not lie. He then said, “If it were a pipe, they should try to fill it with tobacco” (Foster, Volume 1). Magritte was interested in the natural tendency of the mind to label everything we see and how we lack to find a deeper meaning. Through his paintings of arbitrary every day objects to invoke curiosity, hoping the viewer will see past the image and find the meaning. He wants to show the viewer that language and the visual can cheat us, even manipulate our way of thinking.
In 1933, Magritte painted “The Human Condition” (Foster, Volume 1).. The painting depicts what appears to be a window, with curtains and a scenic landscape through the window. As the viewer observes the painting more closely, they see that there are legs of an easel under the window. The viewer observes that this is a painting of what appears to be outside the window, or is it? We are forced to trust the artist and believe outside the window is this landscape, when it could really be an urban or rainy scene. Magritte is trying to tell the viewers that they tend to believe the artist, because they are the artists, when they should ask questions about the representation and interpretation. The
Essay on What Is The Expression Theory Of Art
1484 Words6 Pages
Art has evolved and regenerated itself many times during our human existence. These differences are defined through changes in styles under various theories. During the nineteenth and early twentieth century, a style known as Expressionism became popular. During this movement the artists were trying to use their artwork as a tool of expression toward life. It was mainly dominant in the nonrepresentational arts, such as abstract visual arts and music. It also was probably one of the most difficult movements to understand because the whole point of the piece lay within the artist. Not only was it a movement, it defined the act of art as a whole. From the beginning of time, each work of art, excluding replicas, show a way of expressing…show more content…
For Tolstoy, the value of art comes from the function art serves in society and in human historical development. Art appears in everything that lives and should have the force to bring people together as a community. For him expressionism in art is a means of communication, in such as a language. Therefore, language can be described as a form of art under the theory of expressionism. Speech transmits the thoughts and experiences of mankind, serving as a means of expression among them; art also acts in a similar manner by sharing emotions. If people could not be affected by art, we would still be in the era of savagery. Referring back to the author of our book, John Fisher, emotional communication is essential to art. Fisher also states that too much harnessed emotion will tend to lower the value of art.
What can we define as art and what can we exclude? For Tolstoy, a piece to be considered art must surpass a few requirements. First, the piece of work must express deep and unique feeling and emotion. Second, the artist must intentionally produce an external artwork, which transmits feeling and emotions to the audience. Finally, the artwork must portray the same emotions that the author intended. The only one of these that can fall short of being perfect, is the final one, for which in this case, the artwork is just considered unsuccessful. Here the objective reality is the inner feelings of the artist to be communicated to the external