An Indian farmer
An Indian farmer is one of the most important members of society. He is the giver of food to the people, to all practical purposes.
He gets up early in the morning and goes to his fields. Nowadays in a number of states, the days of ploughing the fields with the help of oxen are almost over except for the farmers who are too poor to purchase a tractor.
The farmer has many kinds of works to do. He ploughs his fields. He sows the seeds. He waters the fields regularly. He has to take care of the crops. He has to protect them against hail and frost. He has to apply compost and fertilizers. He has also to sprinkle insecticides and pesticides to protect the crops against pests and insects.
Most of the old farmers are illiterate. But the farmers of the new generation are mostly educated. Their being educated helps them a lot. They get the soil of their fields tested in a laboratory.
Most of the farmers are not interested in free electricity and water. They rather want an uninterrupted supply of electricity for which they are ready to pay.
Small farmers should also start some cottage industries. Crop rotation system and contract crop system has been started in some states. Such steps are in the right direction and will help the farmers in the long run.
Essay No. 2
The Indian Farmer
India is a an agricultural country. More than 75% of its population lives in villages. People work as farmers. But it is pity that our farmer lives in poverty though he is the back-bone of our country. He works hard and gets little to eat.
The present condition of Indian farmer is very bad. He is too poor to have some comforts of life. he has very few clothes. He lives in an ordinary house. It is made of mud. It is not properly ventilated. It is dark and unhealthy. Our farmer is ignorant. He lives in dirt. He does not know the importance of cleanliness. He is open to diseases.
The Indian farmer is very hardworking. He is very honest. He works in the fields from morning till evening. The scorching heat of the sun. the cold winter winds and the heavy rain cannot stop him from doing his work outside the house. He is the son of the nature.
The Indian farmer is quite ignorant. He still follows the old methods of agriculture. Owing to t his poverty and ignorance, he cannot (or does not) make use of scientific implements and fertilizers as well. Indian agriculture is dependedent on the monsoon. Very often it fails, sometimes it destroys his standing crops. Thus monsoon betrays our farmers. Frequently, rains cause floods which destroy crops. Thus we see that poverty and ignorance are two great curses for the Indian farmer.
The remedy of the Indian farmer’s backwardness lies in spreading literacy among the farmers. Government should help them with money, implements and good seeds. There should be good arrangements for irrigation also.
It is a matter of great pleasure that today Government is doing is best to help the Indian farmer. His position has now improved. He is now buying better agricultural implements, good seeds and fertilizers. The old out- dated plough is now being replaced by the tractor.
In the days of English rule the farmer was in the clutches of money lenders and land lords. But now the position is changed. The government , co- operative societies an d banks are helping our farmers. These three agencies have brought revolution in rural credit.
Distribution of surplus land, consolidation of land holdings, implementation of ceiling laws and other land reforms have brought about a change in the status of Indian farmer. Welfare measures like spread of education , electrification and supply of water, building of roads, schools and hospitals have raised the standards of living of the farmer. Now he lives in the pucca houses and puts on better clothes. He looks very cheerful. If our farmers and we should co- operate our government, the conditions of the Indian farmer will improve in the future.
Essay No. 3
The Indian Farmer
India is an agricultural country. Majority of its population lives in villages and depend on agriculture. The Indian farmer is the backbone of the society. His importance in the economy of the country cannot be over-emphasized. He grows corn, vegetables and fruits for our food and cotton for our clothes.
The Indian farmer is a hard working man. He works form morning till evening in the scorching heat and biting cold. Early in the morning he drives his oxen to the fields. He ploughs the fields, sows seeds and waters the plants. An Indians famer depends on monsoon. He looks after the crops and saves them from being spoiled by stray cattle or wild animals. He enjoys no holyday. At noon he takes his meals under a shady tree and then takes a little rest. In the evening he returns home, tired and exhausted.
The Indian farmer leads a simple life. he lives in a mud house, eats simple food and wears coarse clothes. Generally he is illiterate. He believes in old customs and superstitions. His cattle are his most valuable property. Often during drought crops fail and he is in trouble. When the crop ripens, he feels happy. He reaps it, thrashes it and takes the corn to the market. In times of a bad harvest he had little money to buy seeds and manure and he runs into debt.
An Indian farmer earns his bread by the sweet of this brow. He is never idle. Our late Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri gave us the slogan, “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan”, underlying the fact that farmer is an important as a soldier. Really he deserves a better treatment. More educational , medical and irrigational facilities should be provided to him. On him depends the well- being of the whole nation. In the real sense of the term, a farmer is the actual bread giver of the nation.
The farmer is fond of festivities. He spends lavishly on marriages and others social ceremonies. Recently , the use of agricultural machinery and chemical manures and the provision of credit facilities by cooperative societies and rural banks has improved his lot and changed his outlook on life.
In spite of being independent for the last more than fifty years we have not be able to improve the lot to Indian farmer. Most of them still live under the poverty line. They do not get full return of their yield and they continue to be poor and neglected. The biggest industry of India are not attracted towards the profession as it does not guarantee a prosperous living to them. The development in Science and Technology have not been able to make agriculture an enviable profession. This is the reason of the biggest problem of this land, that is, unemployment. If modernized on a large scale it can employ all the unemployed youths and the country will be for more prosperous than we dream about it.
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Home » Subject » Essay » Agricultural Techniques in India and the condition of farmers, Comment.
Agricultural Techniques in India and the condition of farmers, Comment.
In olden days, agricultural technique was eco-friendly but didn't yield high crop comparing now. Anyway, that is enough for those people as there was less population. Those farmers are seen as god but now it is in contrast.
Only governments are respecting farmers and that too only for those belong to their state or country. Even, farmer's families don't give respect if they have low income or if their crop failed. Some parents resisting their children in choosing agriculture as their career field due to their disrespectful towards farmers but they don't understand that without farmer, it is impossible to survive in this world. It is horrible to see that even farmer don't prefer to his see his son as farmer due to influence of this society.
Now days, many farmers left their farming work and went to some nearby industries. Also, some committed suicide and the reason is that their crops are failed due to unavailable of water sources. There is another case also that some farmers who have few acres do some research on their own and finding new techniques so that they can achieve maximum crop yield. These farmers arrange private water sources and also earn more. These farmers are selfless as they also publish about their work with no charge. Anyway, some are eco-friendly and some not.
If we focus deeply in it, day by day farmers are discouraging by this helpless society and we can understand that farmer's conditions are based on their experience and also on their determination. However, it shame to see that states of our country act as envy countries for lending their water sources for agriculture.
In India, we are following many modern techniques to increase crop's yields. Either it is eco-friendly or not, we continue giving importance to improve the crop yield as to withstand the increasing population. Therefore, we lost the uniqueness of olden day's agriculture as these modern techniques reduce the strength of the crops and also reduce land's fertility.
Anyway, these farming techniques are necessary as day by day farming lands are converting into apartments and factories. Actually, everything is happening in contrast as for increasing population, we must increase the agricultural land but instead we are decreasing it and that result in using modern techniques without considering whether it is eco-friendly or not. And, these farming techniques give more profit only if we done more investment.
Some of the farming techniques found by farmers on their own researches is spreading in newspaper and in internet for encouraging other farmers to continue it and earn more but we forget that many villages have no internet facilities and many farmers don't know to read. So, the awareness is lacking. Our government should appoint some persons to spread awareness about these profitable techniques to uneducated farmers.
Some are non-eco-friendly but still we continue. We must understand that anything which is non-eco-friendly may be profitable for time being but not ever lasting. It may result in danger in future. Hence, I conclude that it is better to follow profitable eco-friendly farming techniques than anything else for better future.