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Environment comes from the French word ‘environ’ which means surroundings. The environment means our surroundings: the air, the water and the earth.
Environment refers to the surrounding (both living and non-living) of the livings species. The human-beings, plants, animals and other living beings operate in the environment. Environment is also sometimes referred to as habitat.
Environment consists of both living and non-living things. Living things such as animals, plants, etc. interacts with both other living and non-living things. Similarly, non-living things such as soil, water, climate, temperature, sunlight, air, etc. interacts with other non-living and living things.
There is a close relationship between living organisms and environment. Ecology is the branch of science that studies the interaction between organisms and their environment.
The interaction of living beings, including human-beings, brings changes in the environment. Similarly, livings beings also display changes within them with the change in the environment.
Thus, the environment can be thought of in a way that is:
- General: the whole natural world can be referred to as ‘the environment’.
- Specific: an animal’s environment is their particular habitat, where they thrive.
- More abstract: a term that refers to the delicate ecology of planet earth.
Adverse effects of human activity on environment
Human activity has caused several adverse effects on the Environment.
- The discharge of untreated industrial wastes, and other unsafe substances into water bodies has caused water pollution.
- The air has contaminated because of uncontrolled release of harmful industrial and vehicular smokes into the air.
- Our environment also suffers from soil and noise pollution.
- The excessive emission of greenhouse gases has caused an increase in surface temperature of planet earth and ultimately leading to a situation called Global warming.
Also read: Short Paragraph on Environment
Human-beings and other living creatures depend upon environment and natural surroundings. We can save our environment by:
- Pollution control laws should be imposed strictly.
- Restriction on the use of fossil fuels should be imposed. In its place, the usage of non-conventional sources of energy should be encouraged.
- Emission of carbon-dioxide and other greenhouse gases should be strictly controlled to save our environment from the threat of Global warming.
Also read: Short Paragraph on Save Environment
World Environment Day
Every year, people and organizations around the world observe 5th of June as the World Environment day. The objective behind celebrating this day is to create awareness among people to take positive actions for the protection of environment.
Category: Environment, Essays, Paragraphs and Articles